5 Main Food Groups
1. Bread, cereals, rice, pasta and noodles 2. Vegetables and legumes 3. Fruit 4. Milk, yogurt and cheese 5. Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, nuts and legumes
Bread, cereals, rice, pasta and noodles
The nutrients provided by the foods in this group include carbohydrates, protein, fibre and a wide range of vitamins and minerals including folate, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and iron.
Vegetables and legumes
Vegetables and legumes are a good source of vitamins, minerals, dietary fibre and carbohydrate.
Fruit is a good source of vitamins, including vitamin C and folate. It also provides carbohydrates, in particular natural sugars and fibre, especially in the edible skins.
Milk, yogurt and cheese
The foods in this group are an excellent source of calcium and also a good source of protein, riboflavin and vitamin B12.
Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, nuts and legumes
The foods in this group are a good source of protein, iron, niacin and vitamin B12.
Water has always been an important and life-sustaining drink to humans. Excluding fat, water composes approximately 70% of the human body by mass. It is a crucial component of metabolic processes and serves as a solvent for many bodily solutes.
Nutritional supplements can be added to the diet to boost overall health and energy; to provide immune system support and reduce the risks of illness and age-related conditions; to improve performance in athletic and mental activities; and to support the healing process during illness and disease.
Herbs & Botanicals
Many types of herbal extract can be used for medical purposes.
Detox & Cleanse
Certain approaches in alternative medicine claim to remove "toxins" from the body through herbal, electrical or electromagnetic treatments but there is little evidence that detox diets have any health benefits.